Symptoms of Poisoning Requiring
If you suspect that your pet has been exposed to a
poison, it is important not to panic. While
rapid response is important, panicking generally interferes with the
process of helping your animal.
Take 30 to 60 seconds to safely
collect and have at hand the material involved. This may be of
great benefit to a vet as he determine exactly what poison or poisons
In the event that you need to take your animal to
your local veterinarian, be sure to take with you any product container. Also collect and bring any material your pet may
have vomited or chewed, in a zip-lock bag. If your animal is
seizuring, losing consciousness, unconscious or having difficulty
breathing, you should contact your veterinarian
immediately. Any delay could cause
his death and every type of poison requires a different method of
If you cannot take your dog to a vet, read the
following information carefully
before doing anything!
Find what May Have
Poisoned Your Dog
Poisons in the yard - Ant/Flea & Tick
Products/Lawn fertilizers, etc. Dogs lick their paws when grooming
thus ingesting the poison into their body.
Poisonus plants: Indoor/outdoor plants can be
toxic if eaten.
Prescription drugs used alone or combined with others have caused
many deaths, especially NSAID's (non steroidal
anti-inflammatory drugs) and the newer generation NSAID's known as
Cox 2 Inhibitors. Some of these are Meloxicam (Mobic), Rimadyl
(Carprofen), Deramaxx (Deracoxib),
Household chemicals: Bleach, drain cleaner,
toilet bowel cleaner, shoe polish, shampoo, furniture polish.
Snake or insect bites:
Even small snakes can cause big problems for small dogs.
Ant Bites, Scorpion Stings
Expired food: Meats, Rotten and decomposed food
can cause vomiting severe cramps and worse.
Animal baits: Mouse traps, rat traps baited with
peanut butter are sometimes tasty to dogs.
Signs to Watch For
Abnormal coloured tongue and gums (purple, blue or
grey). One of the most obvious signs of toxicity.
Swollen or painful abdomen (stomach)
Bleeding from nose or mouth
Tremors, staggering, convulsions, weakness, collapse
Unusual behavior - such as imaginary biting, withdrawal, sudden aggressiveness, looks bewildered, unusual posture
Signs of Pain - constant or intermittent
- shallow or rapid breathing
Can not urinate or move bowels (no
pee or poo)
urine (pee) or painful defecation (poo)
Vomiting or diarrhea
- with blood or violent episodes.
When You Should Induce Vomiting
The following vomit guide is taken from
Dogs: The Ultimate Care Guide, Good Health, Loving Care, Maximum
Longevity, published by Rodale Press, Inc.
for the following
Antifreeze, Arsenic (ant/rat/mouse poison), Aspirin, Crayons, Insecticides (flea/tick dips), Kitchen matches, Medications, Shampoo
Shoe polish, Weed killers
DO NOT induce
vomiting for the following
Battery acid, Bleach, Drain cleaner, Fertilizer, Furniture polish, Glue, Household Cleaners, Kerosene, Laundry detergent, Motor oil, Nail polish, Paint thinner, Paint brush cleaner, Paste (glue), Pine-oil cleaners,
Putty, Toilet bowl cleaners, Turpentine
Best Way to Induce Vomiting
teaspoon (5mL) of
hydrogen peroxide per 10 lbs (4.536kg)
can induce vomiting in a little as five
It is easiest to administer the peroxide using a syringe (without
the needle of course). But if you
do not have one handy, try a baby syringe, a turkey baster, a snow
cone cup, you get the idea, anything which will safely get the
peroxide into your dogs mouth.
NOT Induce Vomiting if Your Dog:
Is having trouble breathing
Is having seizures
a slow heart rate
Has a bloated stomach
Has swallowed a caustic substance
Drain cleaners and petroleum-based products fit in this
category. Caustic substances can burn twice -- once when
swallowed and when vomited.Ingested poison more than an hour
before. Inducing vomiting at this point is too late since the
poison is already at work in his system.
Use Activated Charcoal to Absorb Poison
This is NOT the charcoal used for barbecuing. It is
the activated charcoal found in the health aisle of your grocery
Activated charcoal is what you will want to use
if it has been more than an hour after your dog has injested a
poison and also after you have made him vomit (if that was what
was required according to the table above).
charcoal is estimated to reduce absorption of poisonous
substances up to 60%.
It works by adsorbing chemicals,
thus reducing their toxicity (poisonous nature), through the
entire length of the stomach and small and large intestines (GI
Activated charcoal itself is a fine, black
powder that is odorless, tasteless, and nontoxic.
Activated charcoal is often given after the stomach is pumped
(gastric lavage). Gastric lavage is only effective immediately
after swallowing a toxic substance (within about one-half hour)
and does not have effects that reach beyond the stomach as
activated charcoal does.
Activated charcoal is often
combined with sorbitol (a substance that stimulates the bowels
to move, like a laxative) to shorten the amount of time to move
through the system and reduce the possibility of constipation.
However, to avoid adverse effects, sorbitol is not given with
every dose of activated charcoal.
Dogs Sick from Fuel Poisonings
Two owners have now reported their dogs getting sick or
intoxicated from fumes of hydrocarbon fuels. One case involved a
fuel leaking from a heater. The other gasoline fumes. In both
case the dogs began acting strangely, they ran in circles and
snapped at imaginary objects.
They became intoxicated by
the fumes. Hydrocarbon fumes can replace the air in the lungs
and result in loss of oxygen to the brain.
type drugs can be toxic to dogs. It may surprise you that many
people feel that if a human can take a drug, then so can a dog.
On the reverse side of that, we know people who have borrowed
their dog's prescription. Treat drugs as though you are are
watching out for a small baby. Dogs will get into things out of
curiosity - keep drugs out of reach. Some of those that you may
believe harmless follow:
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) - Can Be
TOXIC to Dogs
Difficulty in breathing
Dark colored urine
Blood in stool
Staggering or seizures.
Can lead to liver
or kidney disease. Induce vomiting if possible and seek
immediate veterinary help.
Other drugs - even aspirin,
can be poisonous if too much is ingested by your dog. Just think
of a dog as a baby, would you give the medicine to a baby
without first consulting the doctor, and if so - what dosage
level would you give him?
Antifreeze (containing ethylene glycol) ingestion- Usually one
hour or less to get immediate veterinary help.
Loss of coordination
Once one of
the most common causes of irritation or illness. Such a wide
variety exists nowadays that it is difficult to provide a
description or suggestions for help. From fertilizers to weed or
bug killers, the most common symptom is irritation to the feet
Drowsy or listlessness
Loss of appetite
Vomiting or diarrhea.
It is best to thoroughly wash the
exposed area using a mild shampoo with water and flushing. Seek
and It's Effects
Rat poison symptoms may take several
days to appear.
body or gums
Bloody urine or feces (some times blue green
Death will be immediate without veterinary
assistance. Rat poisons usually inhibit vitamin K, causing
Please make people aware of the
symptoms of rat poisoning. Had I known about the bleeding from
the nose, etc., I might have been able to save my Airedale. (I
thought she had gotten cut on something even though I couldn't
see any marks.)
I didn't know that rat poison causes the
blood to quit clotting and that those who ingest it bleed to
death internally. By the time I realized my dog was sick, it was
too late. She died at the veterinarian's within 45 minutes.
I also wish I had requested he keep a sample of her blood to
send in for verification. I wasn't aware that the poisoning can
take up to 3 weeks to do its deadly deed.
are ALWAYS in their back yard or on a leash with me. I purposely
put up a 6 foot high privacy fence to protect them from perverts
who would harm them... sometimes, there is just no way to ensure
safety of those we love.
Other Insect and or rodent Poisons Symptoms
usually occur within two hours - nervousness, seizures
(sometimes provoked by loud noise), death. Induce vomiting and
seek immediate veterinary help.
Lead (Once found in many products
including paints, insecticides, and even golf balls )
Smaller or younger dogs at greater
risk than are adults. - consult veterinarian
Fish Hooks - your dog may be
attracted to the smell of the bait and try to eat the hook. In
other cases they are just caught with the hook as they pass by.
Do not try to pull the hook out if it has penetrate past the
barb. Seek veterinary help! Usually the dog will show signs of:
Drooling or pawing at the mouth
Insects - Ingestion of Insects
Bee Stings (also wasp, hornet)
Dogs may have irritation around the
mouth area from bites or stings. Give water, induce vomiting,
seek veterinary assistance.
Dogs have less reaction to stings than
people. You can usually find the stinger and remove it. Most
common areas are around the face and particularly the nose.
Reduce swelling with ice wrapped in a towel.
Spider Bites (also Ant Bites, Scorpion
Insect ingestion if it is in the dog's
Irritated or painful skin area
Muscle pain or contractions
Blood in urine
Difficult or rapid breathing
Most spiders are nonpoisonous so
bites can be treated like normal insect bites (see also bee
stings). Apply ice wrapped in a towel for 10 minute intervals to
reduce swelling. If poisons is suspected seek veterinary help.
Snake Bites (some or all)
Swelling or bruising
Usually the bite is located - either
two puncture wounds (poisonous) or U shaped (non poisonous -
caused by many teeth). Keep the dog calm and warm, rush to
Drool or mouth irritation
Vomiting or dry heaves
Weakness (or collapsing)
Flush the mouth with water and seek
veterinary care. If possible identify the type of toad.
Plants - iPawz keeps a list of
poisonous plants. Usually the more colourful, the more deadly.
There are dozens of plants that can be
either irritating or poisonous. There is no way we could list
all here. Our main point is to watch for eating of any plants,
followed by symptoms indicating that they have an ill effect or
your dog. Also note that even getting a twig or stick caught in
the throat can be life threatening.
You should watch for warning signs if
your dog eats any kind of plant. Some dogs may be allergic to
plants that are harmless to others. And, there are many plants
that can be very poisonous. Each plant can result in a different
symptom - any single symptom or sometimes all of the following:
Irritation around mouth
discharge from mouth or nose
Swelling around moth or throat
Upset stomach or vomiting
Urine color change
Dilated eyes (pupils)
Tremors, seizures, convulsions
Irregular, slow or rapid heart beat
These can be followed by damage to the
internal organs (liver, kidneys or heart) or even death. In some
cases birth defect in offspring have resulted.
Get help from your veterinarian if you
suspect something serious.
If you suspect your dog has eaten
something poisonous and you know what he ate, get the container
and call either your vet or local animal hospital with the
information listed in the contents.
Or you can call the National Animal
Poison Control Center. Take a minute and check out their web
page , loaded with good advice. Note that the call to the NAPCC
is not free, you will pay between $20 and $30 (or more).
Your vet may want you to bring in any
samples of vomit or anything your dog has chewed. They need to
determine what the poison is (or if it is poisonous).
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